Hirudo Medicinales (medical leech) is the nature's pharmaceutical factory. It is producing about 200 different bio-active enzymes! All those components are useful to leech in feeding process, helping to keep the blood in liquid form and increasing blood flow. The therapeutic effect of the medicinal leech in the properties of salivary gland secretions, which enters into the body during feeding. It has serial effects on our bodies.
Clots Dissolving Effect - special enzymes dissolve fibrin that bonds blood clots.
Anti-coagulating Effect - blood thinner and anti-platelet agents prevent formation of new blood clots.
Vasodilating Effects - widening of blood vessels and relaxation of smooth muscle cells within the vessel walls.
Bacteriostatic Effects - biological agent that stops bacteria from reproducing
Analgesic Effect - painkiller. Relief from pain.
Anti-inflammatory Effect- reduces inflammation and swelling
Rejuvenation and Regenerative Affect - boosting the body's natural ability to heal itself. Potential
to fully heal damaged tissues and organs, offering solutions and hope for
people who have conditions that today are beyond repair.
the leeches attach the saliva enters the bite site and along with it the enzymes responsible for all above positive effects. Working together,
they act to cure the disease present in the individual. Because of Anti-coagulating
Agents the blood becomes thinner, allowing it to flow freely through the
vessels. The Anti-clotting Agents dissolve Fibrin that is
bonding blood clots. It is eliminating the risk of blood clots to travel
to other parts of the body and blocking an artery or veins. The Vasodilating
agents help widen the vessel walls. This effect great help to people with hypertension
(high blood pressure). Leech therapy helps to normalize the blood pressure of
hypertensive individuals as well as minimizing their risk of suffering from stroke and heart
attacks. Blood circulation is also improved with hirudo therapy (leech therapy)
and it helps with the healing process of wounds, cuts, burns, as well as
lesions caused by diabetes. There is also a noticeable boost in the immune
system's function due to Bacteriostatic agents found in saliva of the leech.
Even after first treatment patients who suffer from pain and inflammation in the case of arthritis, variety of sport injures and muscle pain will feel relief from the anti-inflammatory and pain killing effects of the leech's saliva. This effect can last from 4 month and can be reversed completely in some cases.
Bio-active Peptides and Proteins
Anesthetic - while the jaws works, the leech injects anesthetic substance in its pray. That is why the leeches bites are generally not painful. Leech like to be unnoticeable for its host. Painless bit will allow leech to feed as long as it needed. Leech is gentle and happy camper.
Antithrombin / Anticoagulants - called HIRUDIN which prevents blood clotting and dissolves existing blood clots. It helps leech feed for up to an hour.This compound has been the subject of medical research. Researchers use synthetic drugs based on hirudin to prevent blood clots in heart patients and to prevent blood clots in the human brain. The proteins in leech saliva can also be used to treat cardiovascular disease.
Antiplatelet/ Platelets aggregation inhibitors (most notably apyrase, collagenase, calin, saratin)
Antibacterial (theromacin, theromyzin)
Vasodilators - Vasodilators produced by leech help dilate blood vessels and increase in diameter that triggers the lowering blood pressure, allows blood to flow more easily around your body improving your symptoms and increasing level of oxygen up to 15%-20%.
Here is list of some but not all diseases and health conditions that can be treated and supported with help of leeches.
***Pets can benefit from hirudotherapy as well